The main part of the respiratory system is lungs . Each lung is divided into lobes. The bronchial tree through the lungs consists of trachea, bronchi, bronchi, bronchioles, and alveoli.

The main function of the lungs is the process of take in & take out of gases called respiration.

When we breathe, oxygen from the incoming air enters the blood and carbon dioxide, a waste gas of metabolism, leaves the blood.


Lung cancer is the uncontrolled growth of malignant cells originating from the lung. Lung cancer can spread to other organs, such as the lymph nodes or brain.

Types of lung cancer:-

Small cell lung cancer: 

It occurs mainly in smokers and is less common than non-small cell lung cancer.

Non-small cell lung cancer: 

Non-small cell lung cancer includes squamous cell carcinoma, adenocarcinoma, and large cell carcinoma.


1.The chance of lung most cancers will increase with the period and wide variety of cigarettes smoked.

2.Quitting smoking at any age can notably lessen the hazard of growing lung cancer. 

3.Radon fueloline is a diagnosed reason of lung cancer.

4.Air pollution can cause asthma, COPD, lung cancer, and other lung diseases. 

5.Exposure to asbestos and other carcinogens can increase your risk of developing lung cancer.


There is a Diagnostic lab of Jalandhar of lung cancer includes a variety of tests, including:

1.Chest X-ray

It is used by doctors to examine the structure of the lungs and chest cavity. X-rays show areas of the lung that are blocked or scarred.

2.CT scan

A CT scan allows a more detailed assessment of the lung structure.

3.Sputum cytology

Sputum analysis may reveal the presence of lung cancer cells.


A sample of the abnormal cells can be taken in a procedure called a biopsy. Samples can also be taken from lymph nodes or other areas where cancer has spread.

5.Stage of lung cancer 

Lung cancer staging is used to guide treatment and is based on whether the cancer is localized or has spread from the lung to lymph nodes or other organs.


A combination of treatments is often used:

1.Surgery may be an option if the cancer is confined to the lung. 

2.Radiation therapy uses high-energy rays from a source such as x-rays or protons to kill cancer cells. 

3.Chemotherapy uses drugs to shrink or kill cancer cells. 

4.Radiosurgery is focused radiation therapy in which many beams are aimed at the cancer from multiple angles. 

5.Targeted drug therapy focuses on specific abnormalities present in cancer cells.

6.By blocking these abnormalities, targeted drug therapy may lead to cancer cell      death.

Pathology lab is perfect for making all clinical decisions and initiating treatment according to an accurate diagnosis. Please be so. Assure Pathlabs test is very accurate you can trust their team to ensure that your best customers receive efficient service, helpful guidance, honor, care and support, and the highest standardized medical expertise.

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